Definitions


Definitions

504–This is the short name for Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Section 504 requires all agencies or programs receiving federal funding to be accessible to people with disabilities. Section 504 covers more disabilities than IDEA, although it covers those students also. 

Accommodations–Does not change how much of the curriculum we expect the student to learn. It only changes how students access and express knowledge on a daily basis. 

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)–ADA is a Federal law that prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities. It specifies requirements for public agencies and services to make employment, transportation and other services accessible to people with disabilities. 

Co-Teaching–The general education and special education teacher plan and implement lessons for a variety of ability levels of students in a classroom. They are also responsible for sharing the grading and all aspects of the classroom. 

General Education Teacher–General education teachers are licensed/certified to teach. They may be certified to teach specific grade levels (i.e., elementary education) or in subject areas such as math or reading. 

Inclusive practices–Structuring collaborative classes, extracurricular activities, and small group activities so that students of all ability levels, with and without disabilities, are educated together. We differentiate instruction to meet the needs of all students. We use accommodations and modifications for equitable access to grade level curriculum. (See LRE). 

Home schools–The school boundaries in which a child resides. 

Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)-Federal law detailing who is eligible for special education and what states and local education agencies must do to provide special education to students with disabilities. 

Individual Education Plan (IEP)–This is a written statement for a child with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in a meeting of their IEP Team. The law sets out specific details for who is on the IEP team, what the IEP must contain, and when the IEP team is required to review and revise the IEP. The process dictates that the team must meet all of these requirements in order for an IEP to be valid. Once written, the IEP is a legally binding document that the school must follow. 

Interventions-Interventions are methods for helping students learn. They include, but are not limited to, accommodations and modifications. 

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)–“Each public agency shall ensure that to the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities, are educated with children who are non-disabled and that special classes, separate schooling or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only if the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily.” Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 34 CFR 300.550 

Modifications –Changes how much of the curriculum we expect the student to learn. These changes customize the curriculum and expectations of the student’s mastery of essential skills.

Occupational Therapy–means services provided by a qualified occupational therapist and usually focuses on fine motor skills, including eating. It includes improving, developing, or restoring functions impaired or lost through illness,injury, or deprivation; improving ability to perform tasks for independent functioning if functions are impaired or lost; and preventing, through early intervention, initial or further impairment or loss of function. Before we can provide occupational therapy services at school, the student must need services in order for the student to benefit from special education. 

Paraprofessional–A paraprofessional or assistant,appropriately trained and supervised in accordance with State law,regulations, or written policy, who assists in the provision of special education and related services to children with disabilities. 

Physical Therapy-Services provided by a licensed physical therapist that are focused on gross motor skills. In order for us to provide physical therapy services at school, the student must need the services in order for the student to benefit from special education. 

Related Services–means services needed to help a child with a disability benefit from special education. The law specifically includes transportation, speech-language pathology and audiology services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation (including therapeutic recreation), early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services (including rehabilitation counseling), orientation and mobility services, medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes,school health services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training. The law also specifies that it include any other service an IEP team says is needed for a child to benefit from special education. 

Self-contained–A federal reporting category identifying the students who get special educations services (i.e.,specially designed instruction, physical therapy, occupational therapy,speech, etc.) for at least sixty percent of their day. This is not a classroom setting or a place. A student may be getting these special education services in the general classroom. 

Service Coordinator–Is a special education teacher that is licensed/certified to use various techniques to teach children with disabilities who learn or respond differently. They help general educators adapt curriculum materials and teaching techniques to meet the needs of students with disabilities. They may also team teach with general educators. 

Specially Designed Instruction-Adapting the content,methodology, or delivery of instruction to address the unique needs of a child with a disability and ensure the child has access to the general curriculum, so that he or she can meet the educational standards that apply to all children. 

Special Education Classes–Each site will have a continuum of services. The federal law states that there are general classes, special classes, hospital and home bound. Special Education classes fall under special classes in the continuum. 

Speech-language services–This means identification of children with speech or language impairments; diagnosis and appraisal of specific speech or language impairments; referral for medical or other professional attention necessary for the rehabilitation of speech or language impairments; provision of speech and language services for the rehabilitation or prevention of communicative impairments; and counseling and guidance of parents, children, and teachers regarding speech and language impairments. In order to receive speech services at school, the student must need the services in order for a student to benefit from special education. 

Teacher of Record–This is the teacher responsible for the instruction given to the class/student although others may assist or do parts of the teaching. For example, even though a student teacher may teach in the class for part of the day, the classroom teacher remains the teacher of record. The teacher of record is responsible for ensuring that the program teaches the student the required subject. They are responsible for recording and reporting the student’s grades.